EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR PEACE AND TOLERANCE

CURRICULUM FOR HIGHER GRADES OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Centre for Peace, Nonviolence and Human Rights, Osijek


AIM
Develop nonviolence, tolerance and cooperation in every day life. Try to uderstand reasons for and the absurdity of war. See chances for peace in the world and find the ways to achieve it.

TASKS
To find out the sources of conflicts in the world and in our own environment. To differentiate violent and non-violent conflict resolution
Try to see the causes that lead to war and their consequences, and possibilities for lasting peace in the world.
To find productive approaches towards conflicts, work on the process of mediation.
To get to know people who achieved some success in non-violent approach towards conflicts.
To develop a positive approach towards non-violence as a way of living.

CONTENTS

Conflict
To see conflicts in everyday life, also in the field of living in social communities. Explore the reasons for and effects of conflicts in everyday life as well as in world relations (inequality, injustice, violations of human rights and freedom, rich and poor, subgroups, conditions of living.

Non-violent conflict resolution
To realise different forms of non-violent conflict resolution in everyday life and in global relations.
See consequences of violent conflict resolutions (who are the winners and losers).

War
Houses and forms of wars (example: war in Croatia). War destruction: people who suffered because of war: detruction of goods, environment. Possibilities of resolving the conflict with war and its consequences.

Empathy
Train oneself to be capable of compassion with the side you are in conflict with. Active listening and conversation where everybody tolerates the speakers. Speaker speaks in "I" form and express his/her feelings, wishes, needs, observations and demands.

Productive approach toward conflict
Resolving practical examples of conflicts without winners and loosers.
Resolving simple and complex conflicts.

Mediation
Importance of mediating in conflicts.
The role of the mediator.
Basic phases of mediating simple and complex conflicts.

Heroes of peace
Get to know life and work of some people who were able to resolve social conflict in a nonviolent way (Ghandi, King...). Study from history books and sse how many peace keepers were represented in and how many initators of the war.

Non-violenece as a philosophy and practice of living
Peace with oneself: peace and non-violenece in relations with people in our own community and the world; peace and non-violenece in relation to nature around us.

ORGANIZATION

The program is intended for pupils in higher grades of primary schools and students of secondary schools.
Students will have some pre-knowledge - the program "Let's be friends" (curriculum for non violent communication).
The program could be realized during two school years with five themes per year. The themes will be introduced successively. The program could be realized within "the student community house", but we are also considered a different way to introduce the program in the school curriculum, for example as an elective course, weekend-workshops, etc.
The program could be realized in extracurricular activities: within groups of peace-initatives, UN-clubs.. with a special accent on social-initiatives and campaigns.

THE CLIMATE AND COMMUNICATION

We practice so called "horizontal communication" within the group, which is very important for the success of the program. What do people understand by "horizontal communication"?
All participants consider different interests, needs and initiatives equally.
We achieve a positive "emotional climate" through an honest relation and natural trust. The final result is feeling of acceptance and security of every participant of the group, as well as openness for cooperation with other people.

METHODS AND ACTS

In this program the basic method would be project and research.
Pupils (students) could draw out minor project for each of these themes. Phases in realization of the program would consist of writing the plan, in which the problem will be defined; to gather data; to find a solution of the problem, evaluation and writing reports, as well as some practical activities, which would concentrate on changing some existing conditions.
Role plays will have a big meaning in creating life situations, in which conflicts arise.

Role plays can be acted out (using costumes), but also using puppets, "shadow-theatre" etc.

Discussions will be in bigger or smaller groups. It can be a conversation in a circle or double circle; also in smaller groups or pairs.

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