the worlds smallest nation
| Map references: Oceania Area: total: 21 sq km land: 21 sq km water: 0 sq km Area—comparative: about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC |
Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands Geographic coordinates: 0 32 S, 166 55 E
The population of Nauru is just 9,500 with the majority being Nauruans. The balance are islanders, Asians and Europeans. The Nauruans originated from a mixture of people from Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.
The language: Nauruan is the predominant language, however English is widely spoken and understood.
History: During the early 1800's, Nauru was a base for American whalers. In the late 1800's it came under German administration. In 1914 it was surrendered to Australia and eventually became independent in 1968, the world's smallest nation.
Economy: The country's predominant economic development has been based on phosphate exports, which has given Nauruans one of the highest living standards in the world.
Military expenditures: 0% of GNP
Unemployment rate: 0%
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